Case of the Month

A 60-Year-Old Man with Diverticular Disease

A 60-Year-Old Man with Diverticular Disease

A 60-year-old man presents with left-sided lower abdominal pain and minor rectal bleeding. He has a known past history of diverticular disease and following a full clinical assessment you make a diagnosis of acute diverticulitis. He is clinically quite well and has no...

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A 25-Year-Old Woman with a Neck Injury

A 25-Year-Old Woman with a Neck Injury

A 25-year-old female patient is being assessed for a possible cervical spine injury following blunt trauma. Her C-spine X-ray series is inadequate and a decision is made to organise a CT scan of her cervical spine. Under what circumstances should CT scanning be used...

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A 50-Year-Old Woman with Forearm and Hand Pain

A 50-Year-Old Woman with Forearm and Hand Pain

A 50-year-old woman develops pain and parasthesia on the ulnar border of her left forearm and hand. On examination, her radial pulse is weaker on the left-hand side and her arm appears pale when elevated above her head. What is the most likely diagnosis? This patient...

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A 23-Year-Old Woman with Lower Abdominal Pain

A 23-Year-Old Woman with Lower Abdominal Pain

A 23-year-old woman presents with lower abdominal pain, dysuria, dyspareunia, and purulent vaginal discharge. A pregnancy test performed today is negative. She is afebrile and her observations are normal. On examination, her abdomen is soft but she cervical motion...

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A 3-Week-Old Baby with Projectile Vomiting

A 3-Week-Old Baby with Projectile Vomiting

A 3-week-old baby boy is brought in by his parents with projectile vomiting. He is vomiting approximately half and hour after every feed but remains hungry. On examination he appears dehydrated and you can palpate an olive sized mass in the upper abdomen. What is the...

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A 19-Year-Old Man with Testicular Pain

A 19-Year-Old Man with Testicular Pain

A 19-year-old man presents with severe pain in his right testicle that woke him from sleep. He feels nauseous and has vomited twice whilst in the waiting room. When you examine him, his right testicle is extremely tender and he has abdominal tenderness in the right...

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A Patient with Bleeding Gums and Spontaneous Bruising

A Patient with Bleeding Gums and Spontaneous Bruising

A 27-year-old man presents with bleeding gums and easy bruising. He also states that he has felt very tired lately and has had recurrent chest infections over the past few months. He had glandular fever approximately 6 months ago and feels that his...

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A Patient with von Willebrand Disease

A Patient with von Willebrand Disease

You are working at a local walk in centre on a busy Saturday afternoon. A patient presents with epistaxis. You are having difficulty in controlling the bleeding and consider packing his nose and transferring him to the nearest Emergency Department. The patient tells...

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A 4-Month-Old with Bronchiolitis

A 4-Month-Old with Bronchiolitis

A 4-month-old boy is brought by his parents to see his GP due to a history of fever, cough and breathing difficulties. A diagnosis of acute bronchiolitis is made. What is bronchiolitis? Bronchiolitis is an acute infection of the lower respiratory tract that is most...

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A Subdural Haematoma in a Patient Taking Warfarin

A Subdural Haematoma in a Patient Taking Warfarin

A 73-year-old woman with a history of atrial fibrillation (AF) presents with a head injury and reduced conscious level. She takes warfarin for her AF and her INR was 2.7 a few days ago. A CT scan of her head is performed which demonstrates the presence of a subdural...

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