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The Initial Trauma Assessment Part 1 – The Primary Survey

The Initial Trauma Assessment Part 1 – The Primary Survey

The initial assessment and management of the seriously injured trauma patient is both challenging and anxiety-inducing for many clinicians. It is an undertaking that requires a cool head, systematic approach, speed, and good clinical judgement. The Advanced Trauma...

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Blood Transfusion Reactions

Blood Transfusion Reactions

Blood transfusion can be a life-saving treatment of great clinical benefit but also carries several risks and potential associated problems including: Immunological complications Administration errors (‘wrong blood’ episodes) Infections (bacterial, viral, possibly...

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Brief Resolved Unexplained Events (BRUE)

Brief Resolved Unexplained Events (BRUE)

The term Apparent Life Threatening Event (ALTE) is one that is very familiar to those of us that have worked in paediatrics for any length of time. The term ALTE originated from a 1986 National Institutes of Health Consensus on Infantile Apnoea and was intended to...

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The Story of Rene Laennec and the First Stethoscope

The Story of Rene Laennec and the First Stethoscope

No single piece of equipment is more synonymous with the medical profession than the stethoscope. I can vividly remember wearing my brand new Littmann stethoscope with pride on ward rounds as a medical student, desperately trying to discern diastolic murmurs and extra...

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The Beginners Guide to Non-Invasive Ventilation

The Beginners Guide to Non-Invasive Ventilation

Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is the administration of ventilatory support without the use of an invasive airway measure (e.g. endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy tube). It can be applied using a variety of devices including facemasks, nasal masks, various...

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Top 10 Medical Apps for Medical Students & Doctors

Top 10 Medical Apps for Medical Students & Doctors

For medical students, learning how to diagnose and treat everyday illnesses, serious conditions and even life or death situations, is both complex and challenging. Fortunately, modern technology provides numerous medical apps for students and doctors. These help with...

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Plagues, Comets and Volcanoes

Plagues, Comets and Volcanoes

The sixth century AD was a tumultuous period of human history. It marked the end of Classical Antiquity and the beginning of the Middle Ages. Empires fell and new ones rose up to take their place. It was in this period that the legendary King Arthur is said to have...

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Sepsis – What’s Changed and What’s New?

Sepsis – What’s Changed and What’s New?

Sepsis is one of the leading causes of death worldwide but remains a little known entity to the general public. Every year, around 150,000 people in the UK develop sepsis and, of those, over 40,000 die. The incidence of sepsis in the developed world is increasing by...

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