Exam Tips

Cell Structure and Function Part 2 – The Cell Membrane

Cell Structure and Function Part 2 – The Cell Membrane

In Part 1 of our ‘Cell Structure and Function’ series we learnt about basic cell structure and the organelles. We now move on to the cell membrane and membrane transport. The cell membrane, also called the plasma membrane, physically separates the inside of the cell...

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Cell Structure and Function Part 1 – The Organelles

Cell Structure and Function Part 1 – The Organelles

The cell is the smallest living thing in the human organism, it is the functional and structural unit of all living things and all living structures in the human body are made of cells. There are a huge variety of different types of cells in the human body, which...

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Overview of the Autonomic Nervous System

Overview of the Autonomic Nervous System

The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is a division of the peripheral nervous system that supplies smooth muscle and glands. It acts to regulate numerous body processes, such as blood pressure and respiratory rate, acting as the effector component of homeostasis. The...

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Digital Clubbing

Digital Clubbing

Digital clubbing is one of the oldest recognised signs in medicine, first formally documented by Hippocrates nearly 2500 years ago. For this reason, it is also known as "Hippocratic fingers". It is an important clinical sign that can assist in the diagnosis of a...

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Tips for the MRCGP AKT

Tips for the MRCGP AKT

The MRCGP examination can seem a daunting prospect for candidates, consisting of Workplace Based Assessment, an Applied Knowledge Test (AKT) and a Clinical Skills Assessment (CSA). Success in the MRCGP is essential for a candidate to obtain a certificate of completion...

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Triangles of the Neck Part 2 – The Posterior Triangle

Triangles of the Neck Part 2 – The Posterior Triangle

The triangles of the neck are an extremely common anatomy exam topic. In the first article, we covered the important knowledge requirements of the anterior triangle of the neck. In this second article, we focus on the posterior triangle of the nek. The...

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Triangles of the Neck Part 1 – The Anterior Triangle

Triangles of the Neck Part 1 – The Anterior Triangle

The triangles of the neck are an extremely common anatomy exam topic. In this first of two articles, we will cover the important knowledge requirements of the anterior triangle of the neck. The sternocleidomastoid muscle is the main muscular landmark of the neck and...

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Practice Questions for the FRCEM Intermediate Exam

Practice Questions for the FRCEM Intermediate Exam

The FRCEM Intermediate (and the MRCEM Part B before it) is a difficult but essential step entering the Specialist Register. The paper is three hours long and comprises 60, three mark short answer questions (SAQs). The majority of the questions are 2 or 3 parts and...

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Learning Online

Learning Online

“When I went to medical school, the term ‘digital’ applied only to rectal exams.” – Eric Topol   An embarrassment of riches I can clearly remember a time when I had to catch a bus to go to the medical school library to find the resources that I needed to prepare...

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Understanding Vaccination

Understanding Vaccination

Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (the vaccine) to stimulate an individual’s immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a particular pathogen. Herd immunity is a type of indirect protection from infectious disease that occurs when a...

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