Exam Tips

Understanding Vaccination

Understanding Vaccination

Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (the vaccine) to stimulate an individual’s immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a particular pathogen. Herd immunity is a type of indirect protection from infectious disease that occurs when a...

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Tips for the PLAB Part 1

Tips for the PLAB Part 1

The Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) test is the main route by which International Medical Graduates (IMGs) demonstrate that they have the necessary skills and knowledge to practice medicine in the UK. The PLAB test can seem a daunting prospect for...

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How to Differentiate Bell’s Palsy from Stroke

How to Differentiate Bell’s Palsy from Stroke

Being able to differentiate Bell’s palsy from stroke is an essential skill for all front-line clinicians. Bell’s palsy, which is also sometimes referred to as idiopathic facial paralysis, and ischaemic stroke are the first and second most common causes of acute facial...

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Neonatal Jaundice

Neonatal Jaundice

The Royal College of General Practitioners has highlighted neonatal jaundice as a problem area for candidates in previous sittings of the MRCGP examination and it is important that candidates are familiar with the various causes, presentations and management of...

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An Overview of Leukaemia

An Overview of Leukaemia

Leukaemia is a very common exam topic and one that many candidates struggle to get to grips with. This article is not intended to be an all-encompassing review of this complex and highly-specialised topic but should provide you with the knowledge needed to approach...

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Understanding Vertigo

Understanding Vertigo

Vertigo is a type of dizziness whereby patients experience the sensation that objects around them are moving when they are not. This is often described as feeling like a spinning or swaying motion and is usually accompanied by nausea and loss of balance....

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Test Your Anatomy Knowledge – The Lower Limb

Test Your Anatomy Knowledge – The Lower Limb

Test your knowledge of lower limb anatomy with these questions. 1. Which SINGLE statement is true regarding the blood supply to the lower limb? A. The femoral artery arises directly from the internal iliac arteryB. The profunda femoris arises from the medial side of...

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The Top 10 Tips That Make Learning Anatomy Easier

The Top 10 Tips That Make Learning Anatomy Easier

Anatomy is a notoriously difficult subject to master. The human body is incredibly complex, and the number of structures that require memorisation is massive. All is not lost, however, and there are some straightforward things that can be done to make mastery of this...

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Mendelian Inheritance

Mendelian Inheritance

A good understanding of the fundamental laws of inheritance helps us to understand the different patterns of disease transmission. The inheritance patterns of single gene diseases are referred to as ‘Mendelian inheritance’ after Gregor Mendel, the first person to...

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Test Your Anatomy Knowledge – The Pelvis

Test Your Anatomy Knowledge – The Pelvis

Test your knowledge of pelvic anatomy with these questions. 1. Which of the following is a posterior relation of the vagina? A. Bladder B. Urethra C. Pouch of Douglas D. Ureter E. Urogenital diaphragm Answer: C. Pouch of Douglas The main relations of the vagina are...

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