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Mendelian Inheritance

Mendelian Inheritance

A good understanding of the fundamental laws of inheritance helps us to understand the different patterns of disease transmission. The inheritance patterns of single gene diseases are referred to as ‘Mendelian inheritance’ after Gregor Mendel, the first person to...

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Test Your Anatomy Knowledge – The Pelvis

Test Your Anatomy Knowledge – The Pelvis

Test your knowledge of pelvic anatomy with these questions. 1. Which of the following is a posterior relation of the vagina? A. Bladder B. Urethra C. Pouch of Douglas D. Ureter E. Urogenital diaphragm Answer: C. Pouch of Douglas The main relations of the vagina are...

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Practice Questions for the FRCR Part 2A

Practice Questions for the FRCR Part 2A

Passing the FRCR is necessary to successfully progress through Radiology training and achieve your goal of becoming a Radiologist. There are two sittings of the FRCR part 2A exam each year; December and June. There are six different venues within the UK in which the...

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Interpreting Thyroid Function Tests

Interpreting Thyroid Function Tests

The interpretation of thyroid function tests is a very popular exam topic. Thyroid disease is common, affecting approximately 1% of the female population, and there is a wide range of conditions affecting the thyroid gland, with a wide range of clinical features. For...

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Test Your Anatomy Knowledge – The Abdomen

Test Your Anatomy Knowledge – The Abdomen

Test your knowledge of abdominal anatomy with these questions. 1. Which of the following organs lies within the infracolic compartment? ? A. Stomach B. Liver C. Spleen D. Pancreas E. Small intestine Answer: E. Small intestine   The peritoneal cavity can be divided...

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Vertebral Levels

Vertebral Levels

Vertebral levels are very commonly tested on in both undergraduate and postgraduate medical examinations. The most commonly encountered landmarks and structures found at the various vertebral levels are shown in the table below:     Medical Exam Prep...

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Risk and Odds

Risk and Odds

Risk vs. odds The terms ‘risk’ and ‘odds’ are often used interchangeably but they actually have quite different implications and are calculated in different ways. Odds is a concept that is very familiar to gamblers. It is a ratio of probability that a particular event...

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Test Your Anatomy Knowledge – The Thorax

Test Your Anatomy Knowledge – The Thorax

Test your knowledge of thoracic anatomy with these questions. 1. The body of the sternum extends across which vertebral levels? A. T2 to T4 B. T3 to T7 C. T4 to T6 D. T5 to T9 E. T6 to T11 Answer: D. T5 to T9 The sternum is the flat, elongated bone that forms the...

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Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Part 1 – The Basics

Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Part 1 – The Basics

Arterial blood gas (ABG) interpretation helps us with the assessment of a patient’s respiratory gas exchange and acid-base balance. It forms a key part of the management of sick patients and provides invaluable information, particularly when combined with a thorough...

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