A 25-Year-Old Woman with a Nosebleed

A 25-Year-Old Woman with a Nosebleed

A 25-year-old woman presents with a nosebleed that started after blowing her nose 30 minutes ago. She is currently catching the drips in a bowl and you have been asked to see her urgently by the triage nurse. Her observations are normal, and she has no haemodynamic...
A 53-Year-Old Woman with Hypertension and Hypokalaemia

A 53-Year-Old Woman with Hypertension and Hypokalaemia

A 53-year-old woman has been visiting her GP with symptoms of tiredness, muscle weakness and headaches. She is known to be hypertensive and takes amlodipine to control this. Her blood results today show that her potassium level is low at 3.0 mmol/L, and her sodium...
A 34-Year-Old Man with Hyperkalaemia

A 34-Year-Old Man with Hyperkalaemia

A patient with a history of renal problems generalised weakness, palpitations and chest pain. His serum potassium levels are measured and come back at 8.2 mmol/L. An ECG is performed, and it shows some very alarming changes. 1. What is the definition of hyperkalaemia?...
A 74-Year-Old Man with Sudden Cognitive Decline

A 74-Year-Old Man with Sudden Cognitive Decline

A 74-year-old man presents having suffered an episode of left arm and leg weakness that resolved after a few hours. His relatives have noticed that he has suddenly become very forgetful over the past week and is forgetting the names of people and places and having...
A 21-Year-Old Football Player with a Severely Painful Elbow

A 21-Year-Old Football Player with a Severely Painful Elbow

A 21-year-old football player presents with a deformed, severely painful elbow following a fall onto his right arm. An X-ray is performed, which is shown below.   1. What is the diagnosis? Show Answer This patient has a posterolateral elbow dislocation. Elbow...

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