The Lowdown on Lyme Disease

The Lowdown on Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is caused by the spirochete bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected Ixodes spp. ticks. In high-risk areas, it is estimated that as many as 40% of ticks can be infected. The incidence of Lyme disease is...
Understanding Hyponatraemia

Understanding Hyponatraemia

Hyponatraemia is the most common electrolyte disorder encountered in clinical practice and is seen in approximately 30% of hospitalised patients. It is also one of the most poorly understood and difficult to manage scenarios in medicine. It is rarely dangerous, but on...
The Acute Red Eye

The Acute Red Eye

The acute red eye is a common presentation in the primary care setting. Most cases are benign in nature, with conjunctivitis being the most common aetiology. There are; however, several serious pathologies that clinicians need to be aware of that require urgent...
Arterial Line Placement

Arterial Line Placement

Arterial line placement is a very common procedure in critical care and emergency medicine settings. The most common indications are: Haemodynamic instability requiring continuous direct BP monitoring Titration of vasopressors (or other cardioactive drugs) Need for...
The Dancing Plague of 1518

The Dancing Plague of 1518

In the summer of 1518 in the city of Strasbourg, Alsace, a woman by the name of Frau Troffea took to the streets and started to dance. She continued to dance day and night without stopping. No one knows why she started but within a few days others started to join in....
Platelets as a Cancer Marker

Platelets as a Cancer Marker

A large, population-based study published in 2017 in the British Journal of General Practice has led to the emergence of raised platelet levels as a risk marker of cancer. The study showed that 12% of men and 6% of women with thrombocytosis were diagnosed with cancer...

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