Nerve Agents

Nerve Agents

The nerve agents, sometimes also called nerve gases, are a group of particularly toxic chemical warfare agents that were initially developed just before and during World War II. The first compounds to be synthesised are known as the G agents (“G” stands...
Thermal Burns: The Management of Minor Burns

Thermal Burns: The Management of Minor Burns

The current ATLS guidelines recommend that all deep-partial and full-thickness burns larger than 20% total body surface area (TBSA) are considered major burns that require resuscitation, while some other sources suggest a lower cut off of 15%. The American Burn...
Thermal Burns: Initial Assessment and Management

Thermal Burns: Initial Assessment and Management

The initial assessment of the patient with thermal injuries involves the following steps. There are multiple priorities in a burned patient, and in reality, these are usually managed in parallel or a horizontal manner by a fully trained resuscitation team: Stop the...
Thermal Burns: Background and Pathophysiology

Thermal Burns: Background and Pathophysiology

Thermal burns are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, but following the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) basic principles of initial trauma resuscitation and initiating simple emergency measures can significantly minimise their effect. It is estimated...
Managing Acne in Primary Care

Managing Acne in Primary Care

Acne vulgaris is a very common condition that affects children around the time of puberty. Virtually every teenager experiences a few ‘spots’, but approximately 15% will suffer acne of a severity that requires treatment. Acne seems like a trivial issue, but it can...
Compartments and Fluid Spaces in Health

Compartments and Fluid Spaces in Health

The amount of water in the body varies with a patient’s age, weight, and sex. Total body water (TBW) accounts for around 60% of an adult male’s total body weight; a normally hydrated 75 kg man will consist of approximately 45 L of water. There are two major fluid...

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